Five Questions and Answers about Preventing Slip and Fall Accidents
Building managers and cleaning professionals are likely aware of the big slip and fall accident problem in North America. In the U.S., it is estimated there are about three million emergency room visits each year due to slip and fall accidents. This costs about $31 billion in direct medical expenses and results in approximately 20,000 deaths annually in this country.
While some slip and fall accidents are unavoidable, the vast majority can be prevented, and this is where cleaning professionals come in. The ways we clean and maintain floors along with the floorcare cleaning solutions and finishes we apply to floors, can have a significant impact on reducing and preventing slip and fall accidents.
To help us better understand slip and fall accidents and how to prevent them, we’ve asked Mike Watt, a floor care expert at Avmor to answer the following five questions.
Mike, What’s actually happening when someone slips and falls?
As we walk, our bones and muscles in our legs expand and contract. We are transferring weight from one foot to the other. This causes our bodies to sway and moves our arms forward and backward. We also have a center of gravity (COG). This helps us stay surefooted as we move forward. But as we sway, there is a brief second or two when we are off balance and vulnerable to a fall. It could be caused by different factors, but the result is usually the same: we lose our balance, and, if we cannot catch ourselves, we fall.
Are all slip and fall accidents alike?
No, there are four types of slip and fall accidents. These are:
- The trip and fall. This type of fall occurs when we encounter a foreign object in our path, such as a power cord or a step.
- Stump and fall. This happens when we encounter an unseen obstruction on the walking surface.
- Step and fall. Falls of this type occur when the surface we are walking on unexpectedly changes height, such as in the case of a dip in the surface.
- Slip and fall. This type of fall happens when our balance is disrupted; we lose secure footing with the floor and fall.
Can floors be slip and fall prone?
Yes. A bank in Northern California was experiencing slip and fall accidents on a far too regular a basis. It had a large hard surface floor lobby that was cleaned and maintained every night. Cleaning workers were also using floor cleaning solutions and finishes designed to help prevent a slip and fall accident. However, the accidents continued.
After one incident, an investigator was called in to examine the entire floor. What he found was that the bank’s lobby floor was wavy. It was these slight inclines up and declines down that caused walkers to lose their balance and fall.
Can you measure how slippery a floor is?
Most definitely. For those cleaning professionals that care for large floor surfaces, purchasing a slip meter is highly recommended. These machines range in price from about $500 to several thousand dollars. Essentially what they do is measure the amount of “drag” or friction on the floor as the machine is moved over the floor. The meter will produce a reading of the floors coefficient of friction (COF). A COF of 0.60 is recommended.
Where does cleaning get involved?
Keeping the floor clean is important for many reasons, but it will not necessarily prevent a slip and fall accident. When it comes to the products used on the floor – cleaners, glosses, finishes, etc. – there are two things cleaning and carpet cleaning professionals must remember:
Select products engineered to help prevent slip and fall accidents. An astute distributor can help with this, but the product label should also provide necessary information. While the wording may differ, a floor cleaning solution designed to prevent slip and fall accidents, for instance, might have the following noted on its product label: “field use has produced an average increase in slip resistance of xxxx SCOF (Static Coefficient of Friction) per application.” This indicates the product has been evaluated, verifying it can help prevent slip and fall accidents.
Select products from the same manufacturer. Many cleaning solution manufacturers engineer their floor care products to have a synergy. Essentially this means, each Floorcare product is designed to complement others in that product line. This is especially true when it comes to slip resistance. Look at the different products as links on a chain. Each product is designed to work with the other to promote safety.
Avmor’s TF700 Instant Traction Floor Conditioner provides a one step slip resistance enhancing treatment and cleaner in the same product. Check out this video of a live demo that was performed on this product by one of our Re-Distributors.